12th Biology chapter 2: full solution, notes, MCQ, & free PDF | Bihar board

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12th Biology chapter 2 Bihar board with NCERT-Details & Highlights

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12th Biology chapter 2 all objective solutions – download PDF

1.  Which of the following devices is not used by plants to prevent autogamy?

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    • (a) Self-incompatibility
    • (b) Production of unisexual flowers
    • (c) Heterostyly
    • (d) Production of cleistogamous flowers

Ans (D)

2. The edible part in coconut is the endosperm. Which part of the endosperm is called liquid syncytium?

    • (a) Liquid endosperm in the coconut seed
    • (b) Endosperm meat
    • (c) The outermost layer of endosperm
    • (d) All of these

Ans (A)

3. The scutellum is a part of 

    • (a) grass cotyledon
    • (b) dicot cotyledon
    • (c) maize endosperm.
    • (d) pericarp

Ans (A)

4. Anemophily can be best seen in 

    • (a) sunflower
    • (b) maize
    • (c) fig
    • (d) yucca

Ans (A)

5. The single shield-shaped cotyledon in monocot is called

    • (a) epiblast
    • (b) coleorhiza
    • (c) coleoptile
    • (d) scutellum

Ans (D)

6. When anthers mature prior to maturity of stigma, it is called

    • (a) protogymy
    • (b) heterostyly
    • (c) dichogamy
    • (d) protandry

Ans (D)

7. The fusion of male gametes with a secondary nucleus is called

    • (a) syngamy
    • (b) triple fusion
    • (c) geitonogamy
    • (d) cleistogamy

Ans (B)

8. The process of double fertilization was discovered by 

    • (a) Strasburger
    • (b) P Maheshwaring
    • (c) Nawaschin
    • (d) Amici

Ans (C)

9. Milky water of green coconut is 

    • (a) liquid female gametophyte
    • (b) secretion of seedcoat
    • (c) liquid endosperm.
    • (d) degenerated nuclear tissue

Ans (C)

10. What would be the number of chromosomes in the aleurone layer if the megaspore mother cell contains 10 chromosomes?

    • (a) 10
    • (b) 15
    • (c) 20
    • (d) 30

Ans (C)

11. The number of meiotic divisions required to produce 400 seeds in a pea plant is

    • (a) 400
    • (b) 500
    • (c) 600
    • (d) 800

Ans (B)

12th biology chapter 2 mcq solution

12. When the body of the ovule becomes completely inverted towards the base of the funiculus so that the micropyle and hilum come to lie very closely, such ovules are called

    • (a) amphitropous
    • (b) anatropous
    • (c) hemianatropous
    • (d) circinotropous

Ans (B)

13. Removal of anthers from the flower bud before the anther dehisces is called

    • (a) bagging
    • (b) artificial pollination
    • (c) emasculation
    • (d) hybridization

Ans (C)

14. Formation of an extra embryo from the nucellus or integument is called

    • (a) polyspermy
    • (b) apomixis
    • (c) parthenocarpy
    • (d) polyembryony

Ans (D)

15. Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of a different plant is called

    • (a) xenogamy
    • (b) xenia
    • (c) geitonogamy
    • (d) cleistogamy

Ans (A)

16. Which of the following is not a part of the ovule (megasporangium)?

    • (a) Integuments
    • (b) Nucellus
    • (c) Chalaza
    • (d) Endothecium

Ans (D)

17. The process of formation of microspores from a pollen mother cell through meiosis is called

    • (a) megasporogenesis
    • (b) microsporogenesis.
    • (c) microgametogenesis
    • (d) megagametogenesis

Ans (B)

18. Which one is not a part of the anther wall? 

    • (a) Endothecium
    • (b) Endothelium
    • (c) Tapetum
    • (d) Middle layers

Ans (B)

19. Pollen grains are well preserved as fossils because of the presence of

    • (a) sporopollenin
    • (b) thin exine
    • (c) thick intine
    • (d) spiny exine

Ans (A)

20. Egg apparatus consists of 

    • (a) egg cell
    • (b) synergids
    • (c) both egg cell and synergids
    • (d) antipodals

Ans (C)

21. Ruminate endosperm is found in 

    • (a). Asteraceae
    • (b) Fabaceae
    • (c) Euphorbiaceae
    • (d) Annonaceae

Ans (D)

22. Plants of which one of the following groups of genera are pollinated by the same agency?

    • (a) ‘Ficus, Bombax, Casuarina
    • (b) Triticum, Phoenix, Zea
    • (b) Kigelia, Yucca, Cocos
    • (d) Salvia, Jatropha, Morus

Ans (B)

23. In which of the following plants does cleistogamy occur 

    • (a) Dhatura
    • (b) Petunia
    • (c) Commelina
    • (d) Gladiolus

Ans (C)

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24. When pollination takes place between two flowers on the same plant, the process is known as

    • (a) xenogamy
    • (b) geitonogamy
    • (c) porogamy
    • (d) entomophily

Ans (B)

25. When pollination takes place by means of bees, it is called

    • (a) melitophily
    • (b) myrmecophily
    • (c) ornithophily
    • (d) cheiropterophily

Ans (A)

26. Pollination by birds is called 

    • (a) entomophily
    • (b) myrmecophily
    • (c) ornithophily
    • (d) cheiropterophily

Ans (C)

27. Flowers pollinated by snail and slug are called 

    • (a) ornithophilous
    • (b) cheiropterophilous
    • (c) malacophilous
    • (d) entomophilous

Ans (C)

28. Syngamy refers to the fusion of one of the sperm with 

    • (a) egg
    • (b) synergids
    • (c) secondary nucleus
    • (d) egg and the other secondary nucleus

Ans (A)

29. The endosperm cell of an angiosperm has the chromosomes. The number of chromosomes in the gametes would be

    • (a) 8
    • (b) 16
    • (c) 24
    • (d) 48

Ans (A)

30. Aleurone layer is present in 

    • (a) cotyledons
    • (b) the peripheral part of scutellum
    • (b) the outermost layer of endosperm
    • (d) the peripheral part of coleoptile

Ans (C)

31. Which of the following is not correct about pome? 

    • (a) True fruit remains inside the swollen thalamus
    • (b) Fruit develops from an apocarpous, superior ovary
    • (c) Seeds develop inside the locules
    • (d) Wall of the ovary is thin like a paper

Ans (B)

32. Which of the following is a true fruit? 

    • (a) Coconut
    • (b) Apple
    • (c) Pear
    • (d) Cashew

Ans (A)

33. The edible part in Litchi is 

    • (a) endosperm
    • (b) mesocarp
    • (c) fleshy aril
    • (d) pericarp

Ans (C)

34. The outer wall (exine) of a pollen grain is composed of one of the most resistant biological materials, known as

    • (a) tannin
    • (b) pectocellulose
    • (c) sporopollenin
    • (d) lignin

Ans (C)

35. When the body of the ovule, embryo sac, micropyle and funicle, all lie in one straight plane, the ovule is known as 

    • (a) orthotropous
    • (b) circinotropous
    • (b) amphitropous ic anatropous
    • (d) campylotropous

Ans (A)

baeb 12th biology chapter 2 objective solution

36.  When the ovule is curved, and along with the ovule the embryo sac becomes horse-shoe shaped, such an ovule is called 

    • (a) anatropous
    • (b) circinotropous
    • (c) amphitropous
    • (d) orthotropous

Ans (C)

37.  The embryo sac is called monosporic when it develops from

    • (a) all the four megaspores
    • (b) two functional megaspores only
    • (c) three micropylar megaspores only
    • (d) one of the four megaspores which becomes functional

Ans (D)

38. When the pollen grains are transferred by the agency of air, this type of pollination is called

    • (a) anemophily
    •  (b) entomophily
    • (c) ornithophily
    • (d) myrmecophily

Ans (A)

39. The female gametophyte of a typical dicot is also called Polygonum type of embryo sac. At the time of fertilization, mature embryo sac is

    • (a) 7-celled, 7-nucleate
    • (b) 7-celled, 8-nucleate,
    • (c) 8-celled, 7-nucleate
    • (d) 8-celled, 8-nucleate

Ans (B)

40. How many pollen mother cells should undergo meiotic division to produce 64 pollen grains?

    • (a) 64
    • (b) 32
    • (c) 16
    • (d) 8

Ans (C)

41. In a fully developed male gametophyte, the number of nuclei is

    • (a) one
    • (b) five
    • (c) three
    • (d) four

Ans (C)

42. The innermost layer of anther is tapetum whose function is

    • (a) dehiscence
    • (b) mechanical
    • (c) nutrition
    • (d) protection

Ans (C)

43. When micropyle, chalaza, and hilum lie in a straight line, the ovule is said to be

    • (a) anatropous
    • (b) orthotropous
    • (C) amphitropous
    • (d) campylotropous

Ans (B)

44. In female gametophyte of a typical dicot at the time of fertilization is

    • (a) 8-celled
    • (b) 7-celled
    • (c) 6-celled
    • (d) 5-celled

Ans (B)

45. Polygonum type of embryo sac is 

    • (a) 8-nucleate, 7-celled
    • (b) 8-nucleate. 8-celled
    • (C) 7-nucleate, 7-celled
    • (d) 7-nucleate, 3 celled

Ans (A)

46. One of the most resistant biological material present in the exine of the pollen grain is

    • (a) pectocellulose
    • (b) sporopollenin
    • (c) suberin
    • (d) cellulose

Ans (B)

47. Callas enzyme which dissolves callose of pollen tetrads to separate four pollen is provided by

    • (a) pollens
    • (b) tapetum
    • (c) middle layers
    • (d) endothecium

Ans (B)

12th biology chapter 2 important mcq solution

48. Study of pollen grains is called 

    • (a) micrology
    • (b) anthology
    • (c) palynology
    • (d) promology

Ans (C)

49. The pollen grain is a 

    • (a) megaspore
    • (b) microspore
    • (c) microsporophyll
    • (d) microsporangium

Ans (B)

50. The stamens represent 

    • (a) microsporangia
    • (b) male gametophytes
    • (c) male gametes
    • (d) microsporophylls

Ans (D)

51. Pollen kitt is generally found in 

    • (a) anemophilous flowers
    • (b) entomophilous flowers
    • (c) ornithophilous flowers
    • (d) malacophilous flowers

Ans (B)

52. How many meiotic divisions are required for the formation of 100 functional megaspores ?

    • (a) 100
    • (b) 50
    • (c) 25
    • (d) 26

Ans (A)

53. Plant with ovaries having only one or a few ovules are generally pollinated by

    • (a) bees
    • (b) butterflies
    • (c) birds
    • (d) wind

Ans (D)

54. Even in the absence of pollinating agents seed-setting is assured in

    • (a) Commelina
    • (b) Zostera
    • (c) Salvia
    • (d) Fig

Ans (A)

55. During the process of fertilization, the pollen tube of the pollen grain usually enters the embryo sac through

    • (a) integument
    •  (b) nucleus
    • (c) chalaza
    • (d) micropyle

Ans (D)

56. The filiform apparatus is present in 

    • (a) synergids
    • (b) egg cell
    • (c) antipodals
    • (d) secondary nucleus

Ans (A)

57. Modified shoot with highly condensed internodes is 

    • (a) leaf
    • (b) flower
    • (c) microsporophyll
    • (d) megasporophyll

Ans (B)

58. Anther is generally 

    • (a) monosporangiate
    • (b) bisporangiate
    • (c) tetrasporangiate
    • (d) trisporangiate

Ans (C)

59. In angiosperms, various stages of reductional division can best be studied in

    • (a) young anthers
    • (b) mature anthers
    • (c) young ovules
    • (d) endosperm cells

Ans (A)

60. Feathery stigma occurs in 

    • (a) Pea
    • (b) Wheat
    • (c) Datura
    • (d) Caesalpinia

Ans (B)

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